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libburn/cdrskin
Thomas Schmitt 27e9e35916 Fixed bug with dev=1,1,0 (ticket 75) 16 years ago
..
README Perfomed version leap in respect to SVN 16 years ago
add_ts_changes_to_libburn_0_2_1 Readjusted relationship glue of libburn and cdrskin 16 years ago
cdrecord_spy.sh Imported proper cdrskin files 16 years ago
cdrfifo.c Added an initial value on proposal by Bart Vanherck 16 years ago
cdrfifo.h Imported proper cdrskin files 16 years ago
cdrskin.c Fixed bug with dev=1,1,0 (ticket 75) 16 years ago
cdrskin_eng.html Updated cdrskin help tests and docs: -audio, obsolete eject_device= 16 years ago
cdrskin_timestamp.h Fixed bug with dev=1,1,0 (ticket 75) 16 years ago
changelog.txt New upload of scdbackup.sourceforge.net/cdrskin-0.1.5.tar.gz 16 years ago
cleanup.c Imported proper cdrskin files 16 years ago
cleanup.h Imported proper cdrskin files 16 years ago
compile_cdrskin.sh Perfomed version leap in respect to SVN 16 years ago
make_timestamp.sh Prepared for new revision timestamps to mark cdrskin test versions 16 years ago
wiki_plain.txt Added plain text copy of Cdrskin wiki 16 years ago

README

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
libburn.pykix.org scdbackup.sourceforge.net/cdrskin_eng.html
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Installation instructions at about line 60. First the legal stuff:
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This all is under GPL.
(See GPL reference, our clarification and commitment at the end of this text)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Based on and sub project of:
libburn.pykix.org
By Mario Danic <mario.danic@gmail.com> and Thomas Schmitt <scdbackup@gmx.net>
Copyright (C) 2006 Mario Danic, Thomas Schmitt

libburn.pykix.org is inspired by and in other components still containing
parts of
Libburn. By Derek Foreman <derek@signalmarketing.com> and
Ben Jansens <xor@orodu.net>
Copyright (C) 2002-2006 Derek Foreman and Ben Jansens
See toplevel README for an overview of the current copyright situation in
libburn.pykix.org.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
My thanks to the above authors (except myself, of course) for making the
following possible.

cdrskin. By Thomas Schmitt <scdbackup@gmx.net>
Integrated sub project of libburn.pykix.org but also published via:
http://scdbackup.sourceforge.net/cdrskin_eng.html
http://scdbackup.sourceforge.net/cdrskin-0.2.2.tar.gz
Copyright (C) 2006 Thomas Schmitt

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

On top of libburn there is implemented cdrskin 0.2.2, a limited cdrecord
compatibility wrapper which allows to use some libburn features from
the command line.
Interested users of cdrecord are invited to participate in the development
of cdrskin. Contact: scdbackup@gmx.net or libburn-hackers@pykix.org .
We will keep copyright narrow but will of course acknowledge valuable
contributions in a due way.


Important :
This software is provided as is. There is no warranty implied and no
protection against possible damages. You use this on your own risk.
Don't blame me or other authors of libburn if anything goes wrong.

I used it on my own risk with :
SuSE 7.2, kernel 2.4.4, ide-scsi emulation, LITE-ON LTR48125S CD burner
SuSE 9.0, kernel 2.4.21, ide-scsi emulation, LG GSA-4082B CD/DVD burner
RIP-14.4, kernel 2.6.14, no ide-scsi, with both above burners

It fails to compile or run on SuSE 6.4 (kernel 2.2.14).
It does not find the IDE CD burner on SuSE 7.2 without ide-scsi.
Other people sucessfully tested cdrskin on several kernel 2.6 based x86 Linux
systems, including 64 bit systems. (Further reports are welcome.)


Compilation, First Glimpse, Installation

Obtain cdrskin-0.2.2.tar.gz , take it to a directory of your choice and do:

tar xzf cdrskin-0.2.2.tar.gz
cd cdrskin-0.2.2

Or obtain a libburn.pykix.org SVN snapshot,
go into the toplevel directory of the snapshot (e.g. cd libburn_pykix ),
and execute the autotools script ./bootstrap . Use autools version >= 1.7 .

Within that toplevel directory of either cdrskin-0.2.2 or libburn then execute:

./configure
make

(Note: there are next-level directories "libburn" and "cdrskin". Those
would be the wrong ones. Meant is the highest directory of tarball resp.
SVN download. Among others containing files "AUTHORS", "configure",
"Makefile.am", as well as directories "libburn" and "cdrskin".)

This will already produce a cdrskin binary. But it might be necessary to
install libburn in order to use this binary. Installation of libburn is
beyond the scope of cdrskin. For this, see included libburn docs.

In order to surely get a standalone binary, execute

cdrskin/compile_cdrskin.sh

Version identification an help texts available afterwards:
cdrskin/cdrskin -version
cdrskin/cdrskin --help
cdrskin/cdrskin -help

Install (eventually as superuser) cdrskin to a directory where it can be found:
If cdrskin was already installed by a previous version, or by "make install"
in the course of this installation, then find out where:
which cdrskin
Copy your standalone binary to exactly the address which you get as reply

cp cdrskin/cdrskin /usr/bin/cdrskin

Check the version timestamps of the globally installed binary
cdrskin -version

It is not necessary for the standalone cdrskin binary to have libburn
installed, since it incorporates the necessary libburn parts at compile time.
It will not collide with an installed version of libburn either.
But libpthread must be installed on the system and glibc has to match. (See
below for a way to create a statically linked binary.)


Usage

The user of cdrskin needs rw-permission for the CD burner device.
A list of rw-accessible drives can be obtained by

cdrskin --devices

CD devices which offer no rw-permission are invisible to normal users.
The superuser should be able to see any usable drive and then set the
permissions as needed. If this hangs then there is a drive with
unexpected problems (locked, busy, broken, whatever). You might have to
guess the address of your (non-broken) burner by other means, then.
On Linux 2.4 this would be some /dev/sgN and on 2.6. some /dev/hdX.

The output of cdrskin --devices might look like

0 dev='/dev/sg0' rwrwr- : 'TEAC' 'CD-ROM CD-532S'
1 dev='/dev/sg1' rwrw-- : 'LITE-ON' 'LTR-48125S'

So full and insecure enabling of both for everybody would look like

chmod a+rw /dev/sg0 /dev/sg1

(The CD-ROM is in these examples only for demonstrating the presence of another
SCSI device. This /dev/sg0 may be left as it is and stay invisible for normal
users.)

I strongly discourage to run cdrskin with setuid root or via sudo !
It is not checked for the necessary degree of hacker safety.


Usage examples

Get an overview of cdrecord style addresses of available devices
cdrskin -scanbus

Obtain some info about the drive
cdrskin dev=1,1,0 -checkdrive

Obtain some info about the drive and the inserted media
cdrskin dev=1,1,0 -atip

Thoroughly blank a CD-RW
cdrskin -v dev=1,1,0 blank=all -eject

Blank CD-RW sufficiently for making it ready for overwrite
cdrskin -v dev=1,1,0 blank=fast -eject

Burn image file my_image.iso to CD
cdrskin -v dev=1,1,0 speed=12 fs=8m -sao driveropts=burnfree padsize=300k \
-eject my_image.iso

Burn a compressed afio archive to CD on-the-fly
find . | afio -oZ - | cdrskin -v dev=1,1,0 fs=32m speed=8 -sao \
driveropts=burnfree padsize=300k tsize=650m -

Burn 5 audio tracks to CD
ogg123 -d raw -f track01.cd /path/to/track1.ogg
oggdec -R -o track02.cd /path/to/track2.ogg
lame --decode -t /path/to/track3.mp3 track03.cd
madplay -o raw:track04.cd /path/to/track4.mp3
mppdec --raw-le /path/to/track5.mpc track05.cd
cdrskin dev=/dev/hdc blank=fast fs=0 -eject -audio track0[1-5].cd



Usage example with http://scdbackup.sourceforge.net

Address may be a cdrecord-style "scsibus,target,lun" as listed with
cdrskin -scanbus (but not as listed with cdrecord -scanbus) :

export SCDBACKUP_SCSI_ADR="1,1,0"

or a device file address as listed by --devices with an accessible drive :

export SCDBACKUP_SCSI_ADR="/dev/sg1"

Set usage of cdrskin with appropriate options rather than cdrecord :

export SCDBACKUP_CDRECORD="cdrskin -v -v tao_to_sao_tsize=650m"

Run a backup :

scdbackup_home


Restrictions

The convenient burn mode TAO is not available with libburn yet.
Therefore it has to be defaulted to mode SAO which needs to know the track
size in advance. non-cdrecord option tao_to_sao_tsize=650m causes each CD
to get burned up to 650 MB regardless of the payload size.

Audio features are incomplete in respect to cdrecord. Well prepaired track
files should get burned flawlessly, thanks to Lorenzo Taylor.
Builtin extraction of raw audio data from filetypes .au and .wav is not
implemented yet. See chapter "Audio CD" for details.

No multi session yet ... Please report your wishes.


Inspiration and Standard

For the original meaning of cdrecord options see :
man cdrecord
(http://cdrecord.berlios.de/old/private/man/cdrecord-2.0.html)
Do not bother Joerg Schilling with any cdrskin problems.
(Be cursed if you install cdrskin as "cdrecord" without clearly forwarding
this "don't bother Joerg" demand.)
cdrskin does not contain any bytes copied from cdrecord's sources. Many bytes
have been copied from the message output of cdrecord runs, though. I am
thankful to Joerg Schilling for every single one of them.

Actually i, Thomas Schmitt, am a devoted user of cdrecord via my project
scdbackup which still runs a bit better with cdrecord than with cdrskin. TAO.
I have the hope that Joerg feels more flattered than annoyed by cdrskin.


Pseudo-SCSI Adresses

cdrecord and cdrskin share only some syntax of addresses but not the meaning
of the components. A cdrecord-style address for cdrskin
[[prefix:]scsibus,]target,lun
corresponds either to a device file address or to a libburn drive number.
Component "scsibus" indicates the translation method. Defined busses are:
0 target is the libburn drivenumber as listed with --devices
1 associated to device file /dev/sgN , target chooses N
2 associated to device file /dev/hdX , target 0='a', 1='b' ..., 25='z'

So "1,1,0" is /dev/sg1, "2,3,0" is /dev/hdd, "0,2,0" is libburn drive #2 at
some unspecified device file.
This scheme shall help to keep cdrecord-style addresses stable and exchangeable
between users without excluding drives with unexpected device addresses.
The numbering on bus 0 is prone to arbitrary changes caused by changes in
drive accessability.
Further busses may emerge as libburn evolves. "prefix" and "lun" may get
a meaning. To stay upward compatible, use addresses as printed by -scanbus.

Some programs or users have their own ideas about the address of their burner.
K3b 0.10 for example derives cdrecord addresses by own examination of the
devices and not by calling cdrecord -scanbus.
To direct such callers to the appropriate drives, cdrskin allows to define
device address aliases. Like
cdrskin dev_translation=+1,0,0+/dev/sg1 \
dev_translation=+ATA:1,0,0+/dev/sg1 \
dev_translation=-"cd+dvd"-1,1,0 \
...
Any of the addresses dev=1,0,0, dev=ATA:1,0,0, dev=cd+dvd will be mapped to
/dev/sg1 resp. to its standard alias 1,1,0.
The first character after "dev_translation=" defines the character which
separates the two parts of the translation pair. (Above: "+" and "-".)

In K3b 0.10 it is possible to employ alternative writer programs by setting
their full path (e.g. /usr/bin/cdrskin) in menu
Settings:Configure K3b...:Programs:Search Path
and to make them default in menu
Settings:Configure K3b...:Programs:Programs:
A suitable setting for "cdrecord" in menu
Settings:Configure K3b...:Programs:User Parameters
would then probably be
-v dev_translation=+1,0,0+/dev/sg1
You will learn from button "Show Debugging Output" after a failed burn run
what cdrecord command was used with what address "dev=...". This address "..."
will be the right one to replace "1,0,0" in above example.


Startup Files

If not --no_rc is the first argument then cdrskin attempts on startup to read
arguments from the following three files:
/etc/defaults/cdrskin
/etc/opt/cdrskin/rc
$HOME/.cdrskinrc
The files are read in the sequence given above.
Each readable line is treated as one single argument. No extra blanks,
no comments, no empty lines are permitted.

Example content of a startup file:
dev=1,1,0
dev_translation=+1,0,0+1,1,0
--fifo_start_empty
fs=16m


Audio CD

Builtin extraction of raw audio data from filetypes .au and .wav is not
implemented yet. Lorenzo Taylor enabled option -audio in cdrskin (thanks !)
and reports neat results with audio data files which are :
headerless
44100Hz
16bit, stereo (or 4-channel if the 4-channel bit is set),
little-endian byte order
He proposes to extract them from usual audio formats by commands like
given above under "Usage examples".

The existence of cdrecord-builtin .wav extraction seems to have
hampered the development of a standalone stripping tool. If you know
a command line that would do the trick, contact me or libburn.pykix.org .
I myself am not into audio. So libburn-hackers@pykix.org might be the
best address for suggestions, requests and bug reports.


Special compilation variations

You may get a (super fat) statically linked binary by :
cdrskin/compile_cdrskin.sh -static
if your system supports static linking, at all. This will not help with kernels
which do not properly support the necessary low-level interfaces chosen by
your compile-time libraries.

A size reduced but fully functional binary may be produced by
cdrskin/compile_cdrskin.sh -do_strip

An extra lean binary with reduced capabilities is created by
cdrskin/compile_cdrskin.sh -do_diet -do_strip
It will not read startup files, will abort on option dev_translation= ,
will not have a fifo buffer, and will not be able to put out help texts or
debugging messages.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
cdrskin is currently copyright Thomas Schmitt only.
It adopts the following commitment by the toplevel copyright holders:
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

We, the copyright holders, agree on the interpretation that
dynamical linking of our libraries constitutes "use of" and
not "derivation from" our work in the sense of GPL, provided
those libraries are compiled from our unaltered code.

Thus you may link our libraries dynamically with applications
which are not under GPL. You may distribute our libraries and
application tools in binary form, if you fulfill the usual
condition of GPL to offer a copy of the source code -altered
or unaltered- under GPL.

We ask you politely to use our work in open source spirit
and with the due reference to the entire open source community.

If there should really arise the case where above clarification
does not suffice to fulfill a clear and neat request in open source
spirit that would otherwise be declined for mere formal reasons,
only in that case we will duely consider to issue a special license
covering only that special case.
It is the open source idea of responsible freedom which will be
decisive and you will have to prove that you exhausted all own
means to qualify for GPL.

For now we are firmly committed to maintain one single license: GPL.

signed for cdrskin: Thomas Schmitt