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/*
* Copyright (c) 2007 Vreixo Formoso
* Copyright (c) 2009 Thomas Schmitt
*
* This file is part of the libisofs project; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2
* or later as published by the Free Software Foundation.
* See COPYING file for details.
*/
#ifndef LIBISO_ECMA119_H_
#define LIBISO_ECMA119_H_
#include "libisofs.h"
#include "util.h"
#include "buffer.h"
#include <stdint.h>
#include <pthread.h>
#define BLOCK_SIZE 2048
/*
* Maximum file section size. Set to 4GB - 1 = 0xffffffff
*/
#define MAX_ISO_FILE_SECTION_SIZE 0xffffffff
/*
* When a file need to be splitted in several sections, the maximum size
* of such sections, but the last one. Set to a multiple of BLOCK_SIZE.
* Default to 4GB - 2048 = 0xFFFFF800
*/
#define ISO_EXTENT_SIZE 0xFFFFF800
/**
* Holds the options for the image generation.
*/
struct iso_write_opts {
int level; /**< ISO level to write at. (ECMA-119, 10) */
/** Which extensions to support. */
unsigned int rockridge :1;
unsigned int joliet :1;
unsigned int iso1999 :1;
unsigned int aaip :1; /* whether to write eventual ACL and EAs */
/* allways write timestamps in GMT */
unsigned int always_gmt :1;
/*
* Relaxed constraints. Setting any of these to 1 break the specifications,
* but it is supposed to work on most moderns systems. Use with caution.
*/
/**
* Omit the version number (";1") at the end of the ISO-9660 identifiers.
* Version numbers are usually not used.
*/
unsigned int omit_version_numbers :1;
/**
* Allow ISO-9660 directory hierarchy to be deeper than 8 levels.
*/
unsigned int allow_deep_paths :1;
/**
* Allow path in the ISO-9660 tree to have more than 255 characters.
*/
unsigned int allow_longer_paths :1;
/**
* Allow a single file or directory hierarchy to have up to 37 characters.
* This is larger than the 31 characters allowed by ISO level 2, and the
* extra space is taken from the version number, so this also forces
* omit_version_numbers.
*/
unsigned int max_37_char_filenames :1;
/**
* ISO-9660 forces filenames to have a ".", that separates file name from
* extension. libisofs adds it if original filename doesn't has one. Set
* this to 1 to prevent this behavior
*/
unsigned int no_force_dots :1;
/**
* Allow lowercase characters in ISO-9660 filenames. By default, only
* uppercase characters, numbers and a few other characters are allowed.
*/
unsigned int allow_lowercase :1;
/**
* Allow all ASCII characters to be appear on an ISO-9660 filename. Note
* that "/" and "\0" characters are never allowed, even in RR names.
*/
unsigned int allow_full_ascii :1;
/**
* Allow all characters to be part of Volume and Volset identifiers on
* the Primary Volume Descriptor. This breaks ISO-9660 contraints, but
* should work on modern systems.
*/
unsigned int relaxed_vol_atts :1;
/**
* Allow paths in the Joliet tree to have more than 240 characters.
*/
unsigned int joliet_longer_paths :1;
/**
* Write Rock Ridge info as of specification RRIP-1.10 rather than
* RRIP-1.12: signature "RRIP_1991A" rather than "IEEE_1282",
* field PX without file serial number
*/
unsigned int rrip_version_1_10 :1;
/**
* Write field PX with file serial number even with RRIP-1.10
*/
unsigned int rrip_1_10_px_ino :1;
/**
* See iso_write_opts_set_hardlinks()
*/
unsigned int hardlinks:1;
/**
* Write AAIP as extension according to SUSP 1.10 rather than SUSP 1.12.
* I.e. without announcing it by an ER field and thus without the need
* to preceed the RRIP fields by an ES and to preceed the AA field by ES.
* This saves bytes and might avoid problems with readers which dislike
* ER fields other than the ones for RRIP.
* On the other hand, SUSP 1.12 frowns on such unannounced extensions
* and prescribes ER and ES. It does this since year 1994.
*
* In effect only if above flag .aaip is set to 1.
*/
unsigned int aaip_susp_1_10 :1;
/**
* Store as ECMA-119 Directory Record timestamp the mtime of the source
* rather than the image creation time. (The ECMA-119 prescription seems
* to expect that we do have a creation timestamp with the source.
* mkisofs writes mtimes and the result seems more suitable if mounted
* without Rock Ridge support.)
*/
unsigned int dir_rec_mtime :1;
#ifdef Libisofs_with_checksumS
/**
* Compute MD5 checksum for the whole session and record it as index 0 of
* the checksum blocks after the data area of the session. The layout and
* position of these blocks will be recorded in xattr "isofs.ca" of the
* root node. See see also API call iso_image_get_session_md5().
*/
unsigned int md5_session_checksum :1;
/**
* Compute MD5 checksums for IsoFile objects and write them to blocks
* after the data area of the session. The layout and position of these
* blocks will be recorded in xattr "isofs.ca" of the root node.
* The indice of the MD5 sums will be recorded with the IsoFile directory
* entries as xattr "isofs.cx". See also API call iso_file_get_md5().
* bit0= compute individual checksums
* bit1= pre-compute checksum and compare it with actual one.
* Raise MISHAP if mismatch.
*/
unsigned int md5_file_checksums :2;
#endif /* Libisofs_with_checksumS */
/** If files should be sorted based on their weight. */
unsigned int sort_files :1;
/**
* The following options set the default values for files and directory
* permissions, gid and uid. All these take one of three values: 0, 1 or 2.
* If 0, the corresponding attribute will be kept as setted in the IsoNode.
* Unless you have changed it, it corresponds to the value on disc, so it
* is suitable for backup purposes. If set to 1, the corresponding attrib.
* will be changed by a default suitable value. Finally, if you set it to
* 2, the attrib. will be changed with the value specified in the options
* below. Note that for mode attributes, only the permissions are set, the
* file type remains unchanged.
*/
unsigned int replace_dir_mode :2;
unsigned int replace_file_mode :2;
unsigned int replace_uid :2;
unsigned int replace_gid :2;
mode_t dir_mode; /** Mode to use on dirs when replace_dir_mode == 2. */
mode_t file_mode; /** Mode to use on files when replace_file_mode == 2. */
uid_t uid; /** uid to use when replace_uid == 2. */
gid_t gid; /** gid to use when replace_gid == 2. */
/**
* 0 to use IsoNode timestamps, 1 to use recording time, 2 to use
* values from timestamp field. This has only meaning if RR extensions
* are enabled.
*/
unsigned int replace_timestamps :2;
time_t timestamp;
/**
* Charset for the RR filenames that will be created.
* NULL to use default charset, the locale one.
*/
char *output_charset;
/**
* This flags control the type of the image to create. Libisofs support
* two kind of images: stand-alone and appendable.
*
* A stand-alone image is an image that is valid alone, and that can be
* mounted by its own. This is the kind of image you will want to create
* in most cases. A stand-alone image can be burned in an empty CD or DVD,
* or write to an .iso file for future burning or distribution.
*
* On the other side, an appendable image is not self contained, it refers
* to serveral files that are stored outside the image. Its usage is for
* multisession discs, where you add data in a new session, while the
* previous session data can still be accessed. In those cases, the old
* data is not written again. Instead, the new image refers to it, and thus
* it's only valid when appended to the original. Note that in those cases
* the image will be written after the original, and thus you will want
* to use a ms_block greater than 0.
*
* Note that if you haven't import a previous image (by means of
* iso_image_import()), the image will always be a stand-alone image, as
* there is no previous data to refer to.
*/
unsigned int appendable : 1;
/**
* Start block of the image. It is supposed to be the lba where the first
* block of the image will be written on disc. All references inside the
* ISO image will take this into account, thus providing a mountable image.
*
* For appendable images, that are written to a new session, you should
* pass here the lba of the next writable address on disc.
*
* In stand alone images this is usually 0. However, you may want to
* provide a different ms_block if you don't plan to burn the image in the
* first session on disc, such as in some CD-Extra disc whether the data
* image is written in a new session after some audio tracks.
*/
uint32_t ms_block;
/**
* When not NULL, it should point to a buffer of at least 64KiB, where
* libisofs will write the contents that should be written at the beginning
* of a overwriteable media, to grow the image. The growing of an image is
* a way, used by first time in growisofs by Andy Polyakov, to allow the
* appending of new data to non-multisession media, such as DVD+RW, in the
* same way you append a new session to a multisession disc, i.e., without
* need to write again the contents of the previous image.
*
* Note that if you want this kind of image growing, you will also need to
* set appendable to "1" and provide a valid ms_block after the previous
* image.
*
* You should initialize the buffer either with 0s, or with the contents of
* the first blocks of the image you're growing. In most cases, 0 is good
* enought.
*/
uint8_t *overwrite;
/**
* Size, in number of blocks, of the FIFO buffer used between the writer
* thread and the burn_source. You have to provide at least a 32 blocks
* buffer.
*/
size_t fifo_size;
/**
* This is not an option setting but a value returned after the options
* were used to compute the layout of the image.
* It tells the LBA of the first plain file data block in the image.
*/
uint32_t data_start_lba;
/**
* If not empty: A text holding parameters "name" and "timestamp" for
* a scdbackup stream checksum tag. See scdbackup/README appendix VERIFY.
* It makes sense only for single session images which start at LBA 0.
* Such a tag may be part of a libisofs checksum tag block after the
* session tag line. It then covers the whole session up to its own start
* position.
*/
char scdbackup_tag_parm[100];
/* If not NULL: A pointer to an application provided array with
at least 512 characters. The effectively written scdbackup tag
will be copied to this memory location.
*/
char *scdbackup_tag_written;
};
typedef struct ecma119_image Ecma119Image;
typedef struct ecma119_node Ecma119Node;
typedef struct joliet_node JolietNode;
typedef struct iso1999_node Iso1999Node;
typedef struct Iso_File_Src IsoFileSrc;
typedef struct Iso_Image_Writer IsoImageWriter;
struct ecma119_image
{
IsoImage *image;
Ecma119Node *root;
unsigned int iso_level :2;
/* extensions */
unsigned int rockridge :1;
unsigned int joliet :1;
unsigned int eltorito :1;
unsigned int iso1999 :1;
unsigned int hardlinks:1; /* see iso_write_opts_set_hardlinks() */
unsigned int aaip :1; /* see iso_write_opts_set_aaip() */
/* allways write timestamps in GMT */
unsigned int always_gmt :1;
/* relaxed constraints */
unsigned int omit_version_numbers :1;
unsigned int allow_deep_paths :1;
unsigned int allow_longer_paths :1;
unsigned int max_37_char_filenames :1;
unsigned int no_force_dots :1;
unsigned int allow_lowercase :1;
unsigned int allow_full_ascii :1;
unsigned int relaxed_vol_atts : 1;
/** Allow paths on Joliet tree to be larger than 240 bytes */
unsigned int joliet_longer_paths :1;
/** Write old fashioned RRIP-1.10 rather than RRIP-1.12 */
unsigned int rrip_version_1_10 :1;
/** Write field PX with file serial number even with RRIP-1.10 */
unsigned int rrip_1_10_px_ino :1;
/* Write AAIP as extension according to SUSP 1.10 rather than SUSP 1.12. */
unsigned int aaip_susp_1_10 :1;
/* Store in ECMA-119 timestamp mtime of source */
unsigned int dir_rec_mtime :1;
#ifdef Libisofs_with_checksumS
unsigned int md5_session_checksum :1;
unsigned int md5_file_checksums :2;
#endif /* Libisofs_with_checksumS */
/*
* Mode replace. If one of these flags is set, the correspodent values are
* replaced with values below.
*/
unsigned int replace_uid :1;
unsigned int replace_gid :1;
unsigned int replace_file_mode :1;
unsigned int replace_dir_mode :1;
unsigned int replace_timestamps :1;
uid_t uid;
gid_t gid;
mode_t file_mode;
mode_t dir_mode;
time_t timestamp;
/**
* if sort files or not. Sorting is based of the weight of each file
*/
int sort_files;
char *input_charset;
char *output_charset;
unsigned int appendable : 1;
uint32_t ms_block; /**< start block for a ms image */
time_t now; /**< Time at which writing began. */
/** Total size of the output. This only includes the current volume. */
off_t total_size;
uint32_t vol_space_size;
/* Bytes already written, just for progress notification */
off_t bytes_written;
int percent_written;
/*
* Block being processed, either during image writing or structure
* size calculation.
*/
uint32_t curblock;
/*
* number of dirs in ECMA-119 tree, computed together with dir position,
* and needed for path table computation in a efficient way
*/
size_t ndirs;
uint32_t path_table_size;
uint32_t l_path_table_pos;
uint32_t m_path_table_pos;
/*
* Joliet related information
*/
JolietNode *joliet_root;
size_t joliet_ndirs;
uint32_t joliet_path_table_size;
uint32_t joliet_l_path_table_pos;
uint32_t joliet_m_path_table_pos;
/*
* ISO 9660:1999 related information
*/
Iso1999Node *iso1999_root;
size_t iso1999_ndirs;
uint32_t iso1999_path_table_size;
uint32_t iso1999_l_path_table_pos;
uint32_t iso1999_m_path_table_pos;
/*
* El-Torito related information
*/
struct el_torito_boot_catalog *catalog;
IsoFileSrc *cat; /**< location of the boot catalog in the new image */
IsoFileSrc *bootimg; /**< location of the boot image in the new image */
/*
* Number of pad blocks that we need to write. Padding blocks are blocks
* filled by 0s that we put between the directory structures and the file
* data. These padding blocks are added by libisofs to improve the handling
* of image growing. The idea is that the first blocks in the image are
* overwritten with the volume descriptors of the new image. These first
* blocks usually correspond to the volume descriptors and directory
* structure of the old image, and can be safety overwritten. However,
* with very small images they might correspond to valid data. To ensure
* this never happens, what we do is to add padding bytes, to ensure no
* file data is written in the first 64 KiB, that are the bytes we usually
* overwrite.
*/
uint32_t pad_blocks;
size_t nwriters;
IsoImageWriter **writers;
/* tree of files sources */
IsoRBTree *files;
#ifdef Libisofs_with_checksumS
unsigned int checksum_idx_counter;
void *checksum_ctx;
off_t checksum_counter;
uint32_t checksum_rlsb_tag_pos;
uint32_t checksum_sb_tag_pos;
uint32_t checksum_tree_tag_pos;
uint32_t checksum_tag_pos;
char image_md5[16];
char *checksum_buffer;
uint32_t checksum_array_pos;
uint32_t checksum_range_start;
uint32_t checksum_range_size;
char *opts_overwrite; /* Points to IsoWriteOpts->overwrite.
Use only underneath ecma119_image_new()
and if not NULL*/
/* ??? Is there a reason why we copy lots of items from IsoWriteOpts
rather than taking ownership of the IsoWriteOpts object which
is submitted with ecma119_image_new() ?
*/
char scdbackup_tag_parm[100];
char *scdbackup_tag_written;
#endif /* Libisofs_with_checksumS */
/* Buffer for communication between burn_source and writer thread */
IsoRingBuffer *buffer;
/* writer thread descriptor */
pthread_t wthread;
pthread_attr_t th_attr;
};
#define BP(a,b) [(b) - (a) + 1]
/* ECMA-119, 8.4 */
struct ecma119_pri_vol_desc
{
uint8_t vol_desc_type BP(1, 1);
uint8_t std_identifier BP(2, 6);
uint8_t vol_desc_version BP(7, 7);
uint8_t unused1 BP(8, 8);
uint8_t system_id BP(9, 40);
uint8_t volume_id BP(41, 72);
uint8_t unused2 BP(73, 80);
uint8_t vol_space_size BP(81, 88);
uint8_t unused3 BP(89, 120);
uint8_t vol_set_size BP(121, 124);
uint8_t vol_seq_number BP(125, 128);
uint8_t block_size BP(129, 132);
uint8_t path_table_size BP(133, 140);
uint8_t l_path_table_pos BP(141, 144);
uint8_t opt_l_path_table_pos BP(145, 148);
uint8_t m_path_table_pos BP(149, 152);
uint8_t opt_m_path_table_pos BP(153, 156);
uint8_t root_dir_record BP(157, 190);
uint8_t vol_set_id BP(191, 318);
uint8_t publisher_id BP(319, 446);
uint8_t data_prep_id BP(447, 574);
uint8_t application_id BP(575, 702);
uint8_t copyright_file_id BP(703, 739);
uint8_t abstract_file_id BP(740, 776);
uint8_t bibliographic_file_id BP(777, 813);
uint8_t vol_creation_time BP(814, 830);
uint8_t vol_modification_time BP(831, 847);
uint8_t vol_expiration_time BP(848, 864);
uint8_t vol_effective_time BP(865, 881);
uint8_t file_structure_version BP(882, 882);
uint8_t reserved1 BP(883, 883);
uint8_t app_use BP(884, 1395);
uint8_t reserved2 BP(1396, 2048);
};
/* ECMA-119, 8.5 */
struct ecma119_sup_vol_desc
{
uint8_t vol_desc_type BP(1, 1);
uint8_t std_identifier BP(2, 6);
uint8_t vol_desc_version BP(7, 7);
uint8_t vol_flags BP(8, 8);
uint8_t system_id BP(9, 40);
uint8_t volume_id BP(41, 72);
uint8_t unused2 BP(73, 80);
uint8_t vol_space_size BP(81, 88);
uint8_t esc_sequences BP(89, 120);
uint8_t vol_set_size BP(121, 124);
uint8_t vol_seq_number BP(125, 128);
uint8_t block_size BP(129, 132);
uint8_t path_table_size BP(133, 140);
uint8_t l_path_table_pos BP(141, 144);
uint8_t opt_l_path_table_pos BP(145, 148);
uint8_t m_path_table_pos BP(149, 152);
uint8_t opt_m_path_table_pos BP(153, 156);
uint8_t root_dir_record BP(157, 190);
uint8_t vol_set_id BP(191, 318);
uint8_t publisher_id BP(319, 446);
uint8_t data_prep_id BP(447, 574);
uint8_t application_id BP(575, 702);
uint8_t copyright_file_id BP(703, 739);
uint8_t abstract_file_id BP(740, 776);
uint8_t bibliographic_file_id BP(777, 813);
uint8_t vol_creation_time BP(814, 830);
uint8_t vol_modification_time BP(831, 847);
uint8_t vol_expiration_time BP(848, 864);
uint8_t vol_effective_time BP(865, 881);
uint8_t file_structure_version BP(882, 882);
uint8_t reserved1 BP(883, 883);
uint8_t app_use BP(884, 1395);
uint8_t reserved2 BP(1396, 2048);
};
/* ECMA-119, 8.2 */
struct ecma119_boot_rec_vol_desc
{
uint8_t vol_desc_type BP(1, 1);
uint8_t std_identifier BP(2, 6);
uint8_t vol_desc_version BP(7, 7);
uint8_t boot_sys_id BP(8, 39);
uint8_t boot_id BP(40, 71);
uint8_t boot_catalog BP(72, 75);
uint8_t unused BP(76, 2048);
};
/* ECMA-119, 9.1 */
struct ecma119_dir_record
{
uint8_t len_dr BP(1, 1);
uint8_t len_xa BP(2, 2);
uint8_t block BP(3, 10);
uint8_t length BP(11, 18);
uint8_t recording_time BP(19, 25);
uint8_t flags BP(26, 26);
uint8_t file_unit_size BP(27, 27);
uint8_t interleave_gap_size BP(28, 28);
uint8_t vol_seq_number BP(29, 32);
uint8_t len_fi BP(33, 33);
uint8_t file_id BP(34, 34); /* 34 to 33+len_fi */
/* padding field (if len_fi is even) */
/* system use (len_dr - len_su + 1 to len_dr) */
};
/* ECMA-119, 9.4 */
struct ecma119_path_table_record
{
uint8_t len_di BP(1, 1);
uint8_t len_xa BP(2, 2);
uint8_t block BP(3, 6);
uint8_t parent BP(7, 8);
uint8_t dir_id BP(9, 9); /* 9 to 8+len_di */
/* padding field (if len_di is odd) */
};
/* ECMA-119, 8.3 */
struct ecma119_vol_desc_terminator
{
uint8_t vol_desc_type BP(1, 1);
uint8_t std_identifier BP(2, 6);
uint8_t vol_desc_version BP(7, 7);
uint8_t reserved BP(8, 2048);
};
#endif /*LIBISO_ECMA119_H_*/