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472 lines
12 KiB

* Copyright (c) 2012 Thomas Schmitt
* This file is part of the libisofs project; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2
* or later as published by the Free Software Foundation.
* See COPYING file for details.
* Maps UTF-16BE double-byte characters to the representative of their
* equivalence class under the relation of HFS+ case-insensitivity.
#include "../config.h"
#include "libisofs.h"
/* The translation list utf16be_transl was generated by a program which
compared input and output of existing example code by Apple Inc.
found published on
Each deviation was recorded as pair of byte pairs. The first pair gives
the input, the second pair gives the output. If a byte pair is not mentioned
in this list as input, then it gets mapped to itself.
Pairs which get mapped to pair 0,0 shall be ignored with HFS+ comparisons.
Another comparison run verified that both implementations yield the same
character translation with all 65536 possible input bit patterns.
static uint8_t utf16be_transl[] = {
0x00, 0x00, 0xff, 0xff,
0x00, 0x41, 0x00, 0x61,
0x00, 0x42, 0x00, 0x62,
0x00, 0x43, 0x00, 0x63,
0x00, 0x44, 0x00, 0x64,
0x00, 0x45, 0x00, 0x65,
0x00, 0x46, 0x00, 0x66,
0x00, 0x47, 0x00, 0x67,
0x00, 0x48, 0x00, 0x68,
0x00, 0x49, 0x00, 0x69,
0x00, 0x4a, 0x00, 0x6a,
0x00, 0x4b, 0x00, 0x6b,
0x00, 0x4c, 0x00, 0x6c,
0x00, 0x4d, 0x00, 0x6d,
0x00, 0x4e, 0x00, 0x6e,
0x00, 0x4f, 0x00, 0x6f,
0x00, 0x50, 0x00, 0x70,
0x00, 0x51, 0x00, 0x71,
0x00, 0x52, 0x00, 0x72,
0x00, 0x53, 0x00, 0x73,
0x00, 0x54, 0x00, 0x74,
0x00, 0x55, 0x00, 0x75,
0x00, 0x56, 0x00, 0x76,
0x00, 0x57, 0x00, 0x77,
0x00, 0x58, 0x00, 0x78,
0x00, 0x59, 0x00, 0x79,
0x00, 0x5a, 0x00, 0x7a,
0x00, 0xc6, 0x00, 0xe6,
0x00, 0xd0, 0x00, 0xf0,
0x00, 0xd8, 0x00, 0xf8,
0x00, 0xde, 0x00, 0xfe,
0x01, 0x10, 0x01, 0x11,
0x01, 0x26, 0x01, 0x27,
0x01, 0x32, 0x01, 0x33,
0x01, 0x3f, 0x01, 0x40,
0x01, 0x41, 0x01, 0x42,
0x01, 0x4a, 0x01, 0x4b,
0x01, 0x52, 0x01, 0x53,
0x01, 0x66, 0x01, 0x67,
0x01, 0x81, 0x02, 0x53,
0x01, 0x82, 0x01, 0x83,
0x01, 0x84, 0x01, 0x85,
0x01, 0x86, 0x02, 0x54,
0x01, 0x87, 0x01, 0x88,
0x01, 0x89, 0x02, 0x56,
0x01, 0x8a, 0x02, 0x57,
0x01, 0x8b, 0x01, 0x8c,
0x01, 0x8e, 0x01, 0xdd,
0x01, 0x8f, 0x02, 0x59,
0x01, 0x90, 0x02, 0x5b,
0x01, 0x91, 0x01, 0x92,
0x01, 0x93, 0x02, 0x60,
0x01, 0x94, 0x02, 0x63,
0x01, 0x96, 0x02, 0x69,
0x01, 0x97, 0x02, 0x68,
0x01, 0x98, 0x01, 0x99,
0x01, 0x9c, 0x02, 0x6f,
0x01, 0x9d, 0x02, 0x72,
0x01, 0x9f, 0x02, 0x75,
0x01, 0xa2, 0x01, 0xa3,
0x01, 0xa4, 0x01, 0xa5,
0x01, 0xa7, 0x01, 0xa8,
0x01, 0xa9, 0x02, 0x83,
0x01, 0xac, 0x01, 0xad,
0x01, 0xae, 0x02, 0x88,
0x01, 0xb1, 0x02, 0x8a,
0x01, 0xb2, 0x02, 0x8b,
0x01, 0xb3, 0x01, 0xb4,
0x01, 0xb5, 0x01, 0xb6,
0x01, 0xb7, 0x02, 0x92,
0x01, 0xb8, 0x01, 0xb9,
0x01, 0xbc, 0x01, 0xbd,
0x01, 0xc4, 0x01, 0xc6,
0x01, 0xc5, 0x01, 0xc6,
0x01, 0xc7, 0x01, 0xc9,
0x01, 0xc8, 0x01, 0xc9,
0x01, 0xca, 0x01, 0xcc,
0x01, 0xcb, 0x01, 0xcc,
0x01, 0xe4, 0x01, 0xe5,
0x01, 0xf1, 0x01, 0xf3,
0x01, 0xf2, 0x01, 0xf3,
0x03, 0x91, 0x03, 0xb1,
0x03, 0x92, 0x03, 0xb2,
0x03, 0x93, 0x03, 0xb3,
0x03, 0x94, 0x03, 0xb4,
0x03, 0x95, 0x03, 0xb5,
0x03, 0x96, 0x03, 0xb6,
0x03, 0x97, 0x03, 0xb7,
0x03, 0x98, 0x03, 0xb8,
0x03, 0x99, 0x03, 0xb9,
0x03, 0x9a, 0x03, 0xba,
0x03, 0x9b, 0x03, 0xbb,
0x03, 0x9c, 0x03, 0xbc,
0x03, 0x9d, 0x03, 0xbd,
0x03, 0x9e, 0x03, 0xbe,
0x03, 0x9f, 0x03, 0xbf,
0x03, 0xa0, 0x03, 0xc0,
0x03, 0xa1, 0x03, 0xc1,
0x03, 0xa3, 0x03, 0xc3,
0x03, 0xa4, 0x03, 0xc4,
0x03, 0xa5, 0x03, 0xc5,
0x03, 0xa6, 0x03, 0xc6,
0x03, 0xa7, 0x03, 0xc7,
0x03, 0xa8, 0x03, 0xc8,
0x03, 0xa9, 0x03, 0xc9,
0x03, 0xe2, 0x03, 0xe3,
0x03, 0xe4, 0x03, 0xe5,
0x03, 0xe6, 0x03, 0xe7,
0x03, 0xe8, 0x03, 0xe9,
0x03, 0xea, 0x03, 0xeb,
0x03, 0xec, 0x03, 0xed,
0x03, 0xee, 0x03, 0xef,
0x04, 0x02, 0x04, 0x52,
0x04, 0x04, 0x04, 0x54,
0x04, 0x05, 0x04, 0x55,
0x04, 0x06, 0x04, 0x56,
0x04, 0x08, 0x04, 0x58,
0x04, 0x09, 0x04, 0x59,
0x04, 0x0a, 0x04, 0x5a,
0x04, 0x0b, 0x04, 0x5b,
0x04, 0x0f, 0x04, 0x5f,
0x04, 0x10, 0x04, 0x30,
0x04, 0x11, 0x04, 0x31,
0x04, 0x12, 0x04, 0x32,
0x04, 0x13, 0x04, 0x33,
0x04, 0x14, 0x04, 0x34,
0x04, 0x15, 0x04, 0x35,
0x04, 0x16, 0x04, 0x36,
0x04, 0x17, 0x04, 0x37,
0x04, 0x18, 0x04, 0x38,
0x04, 0x1a, 0x04, 0x3a,
0x04, 0x1b, 0x04, 0x3b,
0x04, 0x1c, 0x04, 0x3c,
0x04, 0x1d, 0x04, 0x3d,
0x04, 0x1e, 0x04, 0x3e,
0x04, 0x1f, 0x04, 0x3f,
0x04, 0x20, 0x04, 0x40,
0x04, 0x21, 0x04, 0x41,
0x04, 0x22, 0x04, 0x42,
0x04, 0x23, 0x04, 0x43,
0x04, 0x24, 0x04, 0x44,
0x04, 0x25, 0x04, 0x45,
0x04, 0x26, 0x04, 0x46,
0x04, 0x27, 0x04, 0x47,
0x04, 0x28, 0x04, 0x48,
0x04, 0x29, 0x04, 0x49,
0x04, 0x2a, 0x04, 0x4a,
0x04, 0x2b, 0x04, 0x4b,
0x04, 0x2c, 0x04, 0x4c,
0x04, 0x2d, 0x04, 0x4d,
0x04, 0x2e, 0x04, 0x4e,
0x04, 0x2f, 0x04, 0x4f,
0x04, 0x60, 0x04, 0x61,
0x04, 0x62, 0x04, 0x63,
0x04, 0x64, 0x04, 0x65,
0x04, 0x66, 0x04, 0x67,
0x04, 0x68, 0x04, 0x69,
0x04, 0x6a, 0x04, 0x6b,
0x04, 0x6c, 0x04, 0x6d,
0x04, 0x6e, 0x04, 0x6f,
0x04, 0x70, 0x04, 0x71,
0x04, 0x72, 0x04, 0x73,
0x04, 0x74, 0x04, 0x75,
0x04, 0x78, 0x04, 0x79,
0x04, 0x7a, 0x04, 0x7b,
0x04, 0x7c, 0x04, 0x7d,
0x04, 0x7e, 0x04, 0x7f,
0x04, 0x80, 0x04, 0x81,
0x04, 0x90, 0x04, 0x91,
0x04, 0x92, 0x04, 0x93,
0x04, 0x94, 0x04, 0x95,
0x04, 0x96, 0x04, 0x97,
0x04, 0x98, 0x04, 0x99,
0x04, 0x9a, 0x04, 0x9b,
0x04, 0x9c, 0x04, 0x9d,
0x04, 0x9e, 0x04, 0x9f,
0x04, 0xa0, 0x04, 0xa1,
0x04, 0xa2, 0x04, 0xa3,
0x04, 0xa4, 0x04, 0xa5,
0x04, 0xa6, 0x04, 0xa7,
0x04, 0xa8, 0x04, 0xa9,
0x04, 0xaa, 0x04, 0xab,
0x04, 0xac, 0x04, 0xad,
0x04, 0xae, 0x04, 0xaf,
0x04, 0xb0, 0x04, 0xb1,
0x04, 0xb2, 0x04, 0xb3,
0x04, 0xb4, 0x04, 0xb5,
0x04, 0xb6, 0x04, 0xb7,
0x04, 0xb8, 0x04, 0xb9,
0x04, 0xba, 0x04, 0xbb,
0x04, 0xbc, 0x04, 0xbd,
0x04, 0xbe, 0x04, 0xbf,
0x04, 0xc3, 0x04, 0xc4,
0x04, 0xc7, 0x04, 0xc8,
0x04, 0xcb, 0x04, 0xcc,
0x05, 0x31, 0x05, 0x61,
0x05, 0x32, 0x05, 0x62,
0x05, 0x33, 0x05, 0x63,
0x05, 0x34, 0x05, 0x64,
0x05, 0x35, 0x05, 0x65,
0x05, 0x36, 0x05, 0x66,
0x05, 0x37, 0x05, 0x67,
0x05, 0x38, 0x05, 0x68,
0x05, 0x39, 0x05, 0x69,
0x05, 0x3a, 0x05, 0x6a,
0x05, 0x3b, 0x05, 0x6b,
0x05, 0x3c, 0x05, 0x6c,
0x05, 0x3d, 0x05, 0x6d,
0x05, 0x3e, 0x05, 0x6e,
0x05, 0x3f, 0x05, 0x6f,
0x05, 0x40, 0x05, 0x70,
0x05, 0x41, 0x05, 0x71,
0x05, 0x42, 0x05, 0x72,
0x05, 0x43, 0x05, 0x73,
0x05, 0x44, 0x05, 0x74,
0x05, 0x45, 0x05, 0x75,
0x05, 0x46, 0x05, 0x76,
0x05, 0x47, 0x05, 0x77,
0x05, 0x48, 0x05, 0x78,
0x05, 0x49, 0x05, 0x79,
0x05, 0x4a, 0x05, 0x7a,
0x05, 0x4b, 0x05, 0x7b,
0x05, 0x4c, 0x05, 0x7c,
0x05, 0x4d, 0x05, 0x7d,
0x05, 0x4e, 0x05, 0x7e,
0x05, 0x4f, 0x05, 0x7f,
0x05, 0x50, 0x05, 0x80,
0x05, 0x51, 0x05, 0x81,
0x05, 0x52, 0x05, 0x82,
0x05, 0x53, 0x05, 0x83,
0x05, 0x54, 0x05, 0x84,
0x05, 0x55, 0x05, 0x85,
0x05, 0x56, 0x05, 0x86,
0x10, 0xa0, 0x10, 0xd0,
0x10, 0xa1, 0x10, 0xd1,
0x10, 0xa2, 0x10, 0xd2,
0x10, 0xa3, 0x10, 0xd3,
0x10, 0xa4, 0x10, 0xd4,
0x10, 0xa5, 0x10, 0xd5,
0x10, 0xa6, 0x10, 0xd6,
0x10, 0xa7, 0x10, 0xd7,
0x10, 0xa8, 0x10, 0xd8,
0x10, 0xa9, 0x10, 0xd9,
0x10, 0xaa, 0x10, 0xda,
0x10, 0xab, 0x10, 0xdb,
0x10, 0xac, 0x10, 0xdc,
0x10, 0xad, 0x10, 0xdd,
0x10, 0xae, 0x10, 0xde,
0x10, 0xaf, 0x10, 0xdf,
0x10, 0xb0, 0x10, 0xe0,
0x10, 0xb1, 0x10, 0xe1,
0x10, 0xb2, 0x10, 0xe2,
0x10, 0xb3, 0x10, 0xe3,
0x10, 0xb4, 0x10, 0xe4,
0x10, 0xb5, 0x10, 0xe5,
0x10, 0xb6, 0x10, 0xe6,
0x10, 0xb7, 0x10, 0xe7,
0x10, 0xb8, 0x10, 0xe8,
0x10, 0xb9, 0x10, 0xe9,
0x10, 0xba, 0x10, 0xea,
0x10, 0xbb, 0x10, 0xeb,
0x10, 0xbc, 0x10, 0xec,
0x10, 0xbd, 0x10, 0xed,
0x10, 0xbe, 0x10, 0xee,
0x10, 0xbf, 0x10, 0xef,
0x10, 0xc0, 0x10, 0xf0,
0x10, 0xc1, 0x10, 0xf1,
0x10, 0xc2, 0x10, 0xf2,
0x10, 0xc3, 0x10, 0xf3,
0x10, 0xc4, 0x10, 0xf4,
0x10, 0xc5, 0x10, 0xf5,
0x20, 0x0c, 0x00, 0x00,
0x20, 0x0d, 0x00, 0x00,
0x20, 0x0e, 0x00, 0x00,
0x20, 0x0f, 0x00, 0x00,
0x20, 0x2a, 0x00, 0x00,
0x20, 0x2b, 0x00, 0x00,
0x20, 0x2c, 0x00, 0x00,
0x20, 0x2d, 0x00, 0x00,
0x20, 0x2e, 0x00, 0x00,
0x20, 0x6a, 0x00, 0x00,
0x20, 0x6b, 0x00, 0x00,
0x20, 0x6c, 0x00, 0x00,
0x20, 0x6d, 0x00, 0x00,
0x20, 0x6e, 0x00, 0x00,
0x20, 0x6f, 0x00, 0x00,
0x21, 0x60, 0x21, 0x70,
0x21, 0x61, 0x21, 0x71,
0x21, 0x62, 0x21, 0x72,
0x21, 0x63, 0x21, 0x73,
0x21, 0x64, 0x21, 0x74,
0x21, 0x65, 0x21, 0x75,
0x21, 0x66, 0x21, 0x76,
0x21, 0x67, 0x21, 0x77,
0x21, 0x68, 0x21, 0x78,
0x21, 0x69, 0x21, 0x79,
0x21, 0x6a, 0x21, 0x7a,
0x21, 0x6b, 0x21, 0x7b,
0x21, 0x6c, 0x21, 0x7c,
0x21, 0x6d, 0x21, 0x7d,
0x21, 0x6e, 0x21, 0x7e,
0x21, 0x6f, 0x21, 0x7f,
0xfe, 0xff, 0x00, 0x00,
0xff, 0x21, 0xff, 0x41,
0xff, 0x22, 0xff, 0x42,
0xff, 0x23, 0xff, 0x43,
0xff, 0x24, 0xff, 0x44,
0xff, 0x25, 0xff, 0x45,
0xff, 0x26, 0xff, 0x46,
0xff, 0x27, 0xff, 0x47,
0xff, 0x28, 0xff, 0x48,
0xff, 0x29, 0xff, 0x49,
0xff, 0x2a, 0xff, 0x4a,
0xff, 0x2b, 0xff, 0x4b,
0xff, 0x2c, 0xff, 0x4c,
0xff, 0x2d, 0xff, 0x4d,
0xff, 0x2e, 0xff, 0x4e,
0xff, 0x2f, 0xff, 0x4f,
0xff, 0x30, 0xff, 0x50,
0xff, 0x31, 0xff, 0x51,
0xff, 0x32, 0xff, 0x52,
0xff, 0x33, 0xff, 0x53,
0xff, 0x34, 0xff, 0x54,
0xff, 0x35, 0xff, 0x55,
0xff, 0x36, 0xff, 0x56,
0xff, 0x37, 0xff, 0x57,
0xff, 0x38, 0xff, 0x58,
0xff, 0x39, 0xff, 0x59,
0xff, 0x3a, 0xff, 0x5a,
static int utf16be_transl_count = 329;
/* These are the start indice in utf16be_transl[] for the page numbers 0 to 9
as classified by function what_page().
As soon as the first byte of the input pair in utf16be_transl[] changes,
the search can be ended and output is equal to input.
If page -1 is returned by what_page(), then input is equal to output.
static int utf16be_transl_starts[] = {
0, 31, 81, 112, 195, 233, 271, 286, 302, 303
static int what_page(uint16_t x)
switch(((uint8_t *) &x)[0]) {
case 0:
return 0;
case 1:
return 1;
case 3:
return 2;
case 4:
return 3;
case 5:
return 4;
case 16:
return 5;
case 32:
return 6;
case 33:
return 7;
case 254:
return 8;
case 255:
return 9;
return -1; /* no mapping */
/* Accelerator for the ASCII subset which is expected to be the most
frequently used one.
static uint16_t cmp_name_page0(uint16_t x)
uint8_t *low;
low = ((uint8_t *) &x) + 1;
if (x == 0)
return 0xffff;
if (*low <= 0x40)
else if (*low <= 0x5a)
*low = *low + 0x20;
else if (*low < 0xc6)
else if (*low == 0xc6)
*low = 0xe6;
else if (*low == 0xd0)
*low = 0xf0;
else if (*low == 0xd8)
*low = 0xf8;
else if (*low == 0xde)
*low = 0xfe;
return x;
/* Converts a character into the representative of its HFS+ equivalence
@param x The UTF-16BE character to be converted.
@return 0 = ignore character with comparisons
else the case-insensitive character.
uint16_t iso_hfsplus_cichar(uint16_t x)
int page, i;
uint16_t ret;
uint8_t low, high;
high = ((uint8_t *) &x)[0];
low = ((uint8_t *) &x)[1];
page = what_page(x);
if (page < 0)
return x; /* No translation needed */
if (page == 0)
return cmp_name_page0(x); /* Accelerator for ASCII subset */
for (i = utf16be_transl_starts[page] * 4; i < utf16be_transl_count * 4;
i += 4) {
if (utf16be_transl[i] != high)
if (utf16be_transl[i + 1] == low) {
((uint8_t *) &ret)[0] = utf16be_transl[i + 2];
((uint8_t *) &ret)[1] = utf16be_transl[i + 3];
return ret;
return x;