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Updated documentation about MBR

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Thomas Schmitt 12 years ago
parent
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38d296423b
  1. 26
      xorriso/xorriso.1
  2. 123
      xorriso/xorriso.info
  3. 49
      xorriso/xorriso.texi

26
xorriso/xorriso.1

@ -378,7 +378,12 @@ xorriso is able to create or maintain an El Torito object which makes such
an image bootable. For details see option -boot_image.
.br
It is possible to make ISO images bootable from USB stick or other
hard-disk-like media by -boot_image argument system_area= .
hard-disk-like media by -boot_image argument system_area= . This installs
a Master Boot Record which may get adjusted according to the needs
of GRUB resp. ISOLINUX.
An \fBMBR\fR contains boot code and a partition table. It does not hamper
CDROM booting. The new MBR of a follow-up session can get in effect
only on overwriteable media.
.br
Emulation -as mkisofs supports the example options out of the ISOLINUX wiki.
It also supports the options used in GRUB script grub-mkrescue.
@ -2245,9 +2250,6 @@ the very start of the ISO image.
This System Area is reserved for system dependent boot software, e.g. an MBR
which can be used to boot from USB stick or hard disk.
.br
Special disk_path "/dev/zero" causes 32k of NUL-bytes.
Use this to discard an MBR which eventually was loaded with the ISO image.
.br
Other than a El Torito boot image, the file disk_path needs not to be added
to the ISO image.
.br
@ -2257,13 +2259,23 @@ to the ISO image.
446 to 511 of the System Area.
.br
With type "isolinux" it shows a partition that begins at byte 0 and it causes
the boot image LBA to be written into the MBR. This works only if also
"system_area=" and "bin_path=" or "dir=" is given.
the boot image LBA to be written into the MBR. For the first session this
works only if also "system_area=" and "bin_path=" or "dir=" is given.
.br
With types "any" and "grub" it shows a single
partiton which starts at byte 512 and ends where the ISO image ends.
This works with or without system_area= or boot image.
.br
In follow-up sessions the existing System Area is preserved by default.
If types "isolinux" or "grub" are set to "patch", then "partition_table=on"
is activated without new boot image.
In this case the existing System Area gets checked whether it bears addresses
and sizes as if it had been processed by "partition_table=on". If so,
then those parameters get updated when the new System Area is written.
.br
Special "system_area=/dev/zero" causes 32k of NUL-bytes.
Use this to discard an MBR which eventually was loaded with the ISO image.
.br
.TP
.B Character sets:
.PP
@ -3131,7 +3143,7 @@ same name and hardcoded argument "on", e.g. -acl "on".
Explicit arguments are expected by --stdio_sync
and --scdbackup_tag.
.br
--sort-weight gets as argument a number and an iso_rr_path.
--sort-weight gets as arguments a number and an iso_rr_path.
The number becomes the LBA sorting weight of regular file iso_rr_path or
of all regular files underneath directory iso_rr_path.
(See -find -exec sort_weight).

123
xorriso/xorriso.info

@ -337,7 +337,11 @@ Most bootable GNU/Linux CDs are equipped with ISOLINUX or GRUB boot
images. xorriso is able to create or maintain an El Torito object
which makes such an image bootable. For details see option -boot_image.
It is possible to make ISO images bootable from USB stick or other
hard-disk-like media by -boot_image argument system_area= .
hard-disk-like media by -boot_image argument system_area= . This
installs a Master Boot Record which may get adjusted according to the
needs of GRUB resp. ISOLINUX. An *MBR* contains boot code and a
partition table. It does not hamper CDROM booting. The new MBR of a
follow-up session can get in effect only on overwriteable media.
Emulation -as mkisofs supports the example options out of the ISOLINUX
wiki. It also supports the options used in GRUB script grub-mkrescue.
The support for other boot image types is sparse.
@ -2004,20 +2008,27 @@ of the existing sessions, unless one can assume overwriteable media.
disk file to the very start of the ISO image. This System Area is
reserved for system dependent boot software, e.g. an MBR which can
be used to boot from USB stick or hard disk.
Special disk_path "/dev/zero" causes 32k of NUL-bytes. Use this
to discard an MBR which eventually was loaded with the ISO image.
Other than a El Torito boot image, the file disk_path needs not to
be added to the ISO image.
-boot_image isolinux system_area= implies "partition_table=on".
"partition_table=on" causes a simple partition table to be written
into bytes 446 to 511 of the System Area.
With type "isolinux" it shows a partition that begins at byte 0
and it causes the boot image LBA to be written into the MBR. This
works only if also "system_area=" and "bin_path=" or "dir=" is
given.
and it causes the boot image LBA to be written into the MBR. For
the first session this works only if also "system_area=" and
"bin_path=" or "dir=" is given.
With types "any" and "grub" it shows a single partiton which
starts at byte 512 and ends where the ISO image ends. This works
with or without system_area= or boot image.
In follow-up sessions the existing System Area is preserved by
default. If types "isolinux" or "grub" are set to "patch", then
"partition_table=on" is activated without new boot image. In this
case the existing System Area gets checked whether it bears
addresses and sizes as if it had been processed by
"partition_table=on". If so, then those parameters get updated
when the new System Area is written.
Special "system_area=/dev/zero" causes 32k of NUL-bytes. Use this
to discard an MBR which eventually was loaded with the ISO image.

File: xorriso.info, Node: Charset, Next: Exception, Prev: Bootable, Up: Options
@ -2806,7 +2817,7 @@ programs trigger comparable actions.
xorriso options with the same name and hardcoded argument "on",
e.g. -acl "on". Explicit arguments are expected by --stdio_sync
and --scdbackup_tag.
--sort-weight gets as argument a number and an iso_rr_path. The
--sort-weight gets as arguments a number and an iso_rr_path. The
number becomes the LBA sorting weight of regular file iso_rr_path
or of all regular files underneath directory iso_rr_path. (See
-find -exec sort_weight).
@ -3787,7 +3798,7 @@ File: xorriso.info, Node: ConceptIdx, Prev: CommandIdx, Up: Top
[index]
* Menu:
* ACL, _definiton: Extras. (line 32)
* ACL, _definiton: Extras. (line 36)
* ACL, control handling, -acl: Loading. (line 128)
* ACL, set in ISO image, -setfacl: Manip. (line 73)
* ACL, set in ISO image, -setfacl_list: Manip. (line 100)
@ -3889,6 +3900,8 @@ File: xorriso.info, Node: ConceptIdx, Prev: CommandIdx, Up: Top
* Insert, piece of data file, -cut_out: Insert. (line 126)
* iso_rr_path, _definition: Insert. (line 7)
* List delimiter, _definiton: Processing. (line 8)
* MBR, _definiton: Extras. (line 26)
* MBR, set, -boot_image system_area=: Bootable. (line 85)
* MD5, control handling, -md5: Loading. (line 141)
* Media, erase, -blank: Writing. (line 45)
* Media, format, -format: Writing. (line 69)
@ -3918,6 +3931,7 @@ File: xorriso.info, Node: ConceptIdx, Prev: CommandIdx, Up: Top
* Ownership, global in ISO image, -uid: SetWrite. (line 125)
* Ownership, in ISO image, -chown: Manip. (line 42)
* Ownership, in ISO image, -chown_r: Manip. (line 47)
* Partition table, _definiton: Bootable. (line 92)
* Pathspec, _definition: SetInsert. (line 120)
* Pattern expansion, _definition: Processing. (line 22)
* Pattern expansion, for disk paths, -disk_pattern: Insert. (line 31)
@ -3968,6 +3982,7 @@ File: xorriso.info, Node: ConceptIdx, Prev: CommandIdx, Up: Top
* Session, mount command line, -mount_cmd: Inquiry. (line 31)
* Session, mount parameters, -mount_opts: Inquiry. (line 47)
* Session, select as input, -load: Loading. (line 11)
* System area, _definiton: Bootable. (line 85)
* Table-of-content, search sessions, -rom_toc_scan: Loading. (line 189)
* Table-of-content, show, -toc: Inquiry. (line 18)
* Timestamps, set in ISO image, -alter_date: Manip. (line 146)
@ -3997,7 +4012,7 @@ File: xorriso.info, Node: ConceptIdx, Prev: CommandIdx, Up: Top
* Write, predict image size, -print_size: Inquiry. (line 69)
* Write, set speed, -speed: SetWrite. (line 145)
* Write, simulation, -dummy: SetWrite. (line 185)
* xattr, _definiton: Extras. (line 46)
* xattr, _definiton: Extras. (line 50)
* xattr, control handling, -xattr: Loading. (line 136)
* xattr, set in ISO image, -setfattr: Manip. (line 110)
* xattr, set in ISO image, -setfattr_list: Manip. (line 126)
@ -4015,50 +4030,50 @@ Node: Media6089
Node: Methods8519
Node: Drives11066
Node: Extras14332
Node: Processing17463
Node: Dialog20959
Node: Options22616
Node: AqDrive24184
Node: Loading27090
Node: Insert39525
Node: SetInsert47882
Node: Manip56449
Node: CmdFind64325
Node: Filter73572
Node: Writing77921
Node: SetWrite84210
Node: Bootable94342
Node: Charset99988
Node: Exception102742
Node: DialogCtl107257
Node: Inquiry109602
Node: Navigate113742
Node: Verify121096
Node: Restore129516
Node: Emulation136172
Node: Scripting142858
Node: Frontend148420
Node: Examples149621
Node: ExDevices150790
Node: ExCreate151272
Node: ExDialog152546
Node: ExGrowing153808
Node: ExModifying154610
Node: ExBootable155111
Node: ExCharset155658
Node: ExPseudo156486
Node: ExCdrecord157380
Node: ExMkisofs157695
Node: ExGrowisofs158698
Node: ExException159822
Node: ExTime160276
Node: ExIncBackup160735
Node: ExRestore164207
Node: ExRecovery165176
Node: Files165742
Node: Seealso166780
Node: Legal167304
Node: CommandIdx168226
Node: ConceptIdx181527
Node: Processing17736
Node: Dialog21232
Node: Options22889
Node: AqDrive24457
Node: Loading27363
Node: Insert39798
Node: SetInsert48155
Node: Manip56722
Node: CmdFind64598
Node: Filter73845
Node: Writing78194
Node: SetWrite84483
Node: Bootable94615
Node: Charset100726
Node: Exception103480
Node: DialogCtl107995
Node: Inquiry110340
Node: Navigate114480
Node: Verify121834
Node: Restore130254
Node: Emulation136910
Node: Scripting143597
Node: Frontend149159
Node: Examples150360
Node: ExDevices151529
Node: ExCreate152011
Node: ExDialog153285
Node: ExGrowing154547
Node: ExModifying155349
Node: ExBootable155850
Node: ExCharset156397
Node: ExPseudo157225
Node: ExCdrecord158119
Node: ExMkisofs158434
Node: ExGrowisofs159437
Node: ExException160561
Node: ExTime161015
Node: ExIncBackup161474
Node: ExRestore164946
Node: ExRecovery165915
Node: Files166481
Node: Seealso167519
Node: Legal168043
Node: CommandIdx168965
Node: ConceptIdx182266

End Tag Table

49
xorriso/xorriso.texi

@ -505,25 +505,20 @@ Most bootable GNU/Linux CDs are equipped with ISOLINUX or GRUB boot images.
xorriso is able to create or maintain an El Torito object which makes such
an image bootable. For details see option -boot_image.
@*
@cindex MBR, _definiton
It is possible to make ISO images bootable from USB stick or other
hard-disk-like media by -boot_image argument system_area= .
hard-disk-like media by -boot_image argument system_area= . This installs
a Master Boot Record which may get adjusted according to the needs
of GRUB resp. ISOLINUX.
An @strong{MBR} contains boot code and a partition table. It does not hamper
CDROM booting. The new MBR of a follow-up session can get in effect
only on overwriteable media.
@*
Emulation -as mkisofs supports the example options out of the ISOLINUX wiki.
It also supports the options used in GRUB script grub-mkrescue.
@*
The support for other boot image types is sparse.
@*
@c
@c >>> isohybrid MBR generation has been disabled on request
@c >>> of its inventor H. Peter Anvin on 31 Mar 2010
@c
@c An MBR is generated together with the El Torito boot record if the
@c boot image bears the isohybrid signature of ISOLINUX 3.72 or later.
@c It will occupy the first 512 bytes of the emerging ISO image and
@c enable booting from media which appear as hard disk rather than
@c as CDROM. An MBR does not hamper CDROM booting. The MBR of a
@c follow-up session can get in effect only on overwriteable media.
@c
@c man .PP
@sp 1
@cindex ACL, _definiton
@ -2700,36 +2695,40 @@ is given by "any" "bin_path=". "boot_info_table=off" disables patching.
"patch" applies boot info table patching if an existing boot image gets copied
to a new location.
@*
@cindex System area, _definiton
@cindex MBR, set, -boot_image system_area=
"system_area="disk_path copies at most 32768 bytes from the given disk file to
the very start of the ISO image.
This System Area is reserved for system dependent boot software, e.g. an MBR
which can be used to boot from USB stick or hard disk.
@*
Special disk_path "/dev/zero" causes 32k of NUL-bytes.
Use this to discard an MBR which eventually was loaded with the ISO image.
@*
Other than a El Torito boot image, the file disk_path needs not to be added
to the ISO image.
@*
-boot_image isolinux system_area= implies "partition_table=on".
@*
@cindex Partition table, _definiton
"partition_table=on" causes a simple partition table to be written into bytes
446 to 511 of the System Area.
@*
With type "isolinux" it shows a partition that begins at byte 0 and it causes
the boot image LBA to be written into the MBR. This works only if also
"system_area=" and "bin_path=" or "dir=" is given.
the boot image LBA to be written into the MBR. For the first session this
works only if also "system_area=" and "bin_path=" or "dir=" is given.
@*
With types "any" and "grub" it shows a single
partiton which starts at byte 512 and ends where the ISO image ends.
This works with or without system_area= or boot image.
@*
@c
@c Bootspec "isohybrid=off" disables MBR generation, "isohybrid=on"
@c prevents the write session if not the isohybrid signature is found
@c in the bin_path file. Default is "isohybrid=auto" which silently
@c omits the MBR if the signature is missing.
@c
In follow-up sessions the existing System Area is preserved by default.
If types "isolinux" or "grub" are set to "patch", then "partition_table=on"
is activated without new boot image.
In this case the existing System Area gets checked whether it bears addresses
and sizes as if it had been processed by "partition_table=on". If so,
then those parameters get updated when the new System Area is written.
@*
Special "system_area=/dev/zero" causes 32k of NUL-bytes.
Use this to discard an MBR which eventually was loaded with the ISO image.
@*
@end table
@c man .TP
@c man .B Character sets:
@ -3765,7 +3764,7 @@ same name and hardcoded argument "on", e.g. -acl "on".
Explicit arguments are expected by @minus{}@minus{}stdio_sync
and @minus{}@minus{}scdbackup_tag.
@*
@minus{}@minus{}sort-weight gets as argument a number and an iso_rr_path.
@minus{}@minus{}sort-weight gets as arguments a number and an iso_rr_path.
The number becomes the LBA sorting weight of regular file iso_rr_path or
of all regular files underneath directory iso_rr_path.
(See -find -exec sort_weight).
@ -3779,8 +3778,6 @@ For MBR bootable ISOLINUX images there is -isohybrid-mbr FILE, where
FILE is one of the Syslinux files mbr/isohdp[fp]x*.bin . Use this
instead of -G to apply the effect of -boot_image isolinux partition_table=on.
@*
@c Quite special is isolinux_mbr= (see -boot_image isolinux isohybrid=).
@c @*
Personalites "@strong{xorrisofs}", "@strong{genisoimage}",
and "@strong{genisofs}" are aliases for "mkisofs".
@*

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