Changed prescription for safe loading of tray before xorrisofs add-on session

master
Thomas Schmitt 4 years ago
parent ff68bda006
commit b8ee16af4a
  1. 35
      xorriso/xorrecord.1
  2. 50
      xorriso/xorrecord.info
  3. 39
      xorriso/xorrecord.texi
  4. 34
      xorriso/xorriso.1
  5. 56
      xorriso/xorriso.info
  6. 34
      xorriso/xorriso.texi
  7. 58
      xorriso/xorrisofs.1
  8. 107
      xorriso/xorrisofs.info
  9. 59
      xorriso/xorrisofs.texi

@ -9,7 +9,7 @@
.\" First parameter, NAME, should be all caps
.\" Second parameter, SECTION, should be 1-8, maybe w/ subsection
.\" other parameters are allowed: see man(7), man(1)
.TH XORRECORD 1 "Version 1.5.1, Oct 08, 2018"
.TH XORRECORD 1 "Version 1.5.1, Nov 11, 2018"
.\" Please adjust this date whenever revising the manpage.
.\"
.\" Some roff macros, for reference:
@ -736,18 +736,19 @@ For the second session xorrisofs needs to know the \-msinfo numbers
of the medium. Further it will read data from the medium by using the
system's read\-only CD\-ROM driver.
.br
It is advised to load the tray manually
or via dd by the CD\-ROM driver, rather than letting xorrecord do this
by its own SCSI driver. Many system CD\-ROM drivers do not take notice
of xorrecord's activities.
Many systems do not take notice of xorrecord's write activities. It is
necessary to force their attention by ejecting and reloading the drive tray.
Therefore above run uses option \-eject.
.br
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
.br
Now get the \-msinfo numbers:
Get the \-msinfo numbers (and properly reload the tray if it has a motor) by:
.br
$ m=$(xorrecord dev=/dev/sr0 \-msinfo)
.br
and use them with xorrisofs to add ./tree2 to the image as /dir2:
Offer a victim to any problem caused by obtrusive demons after tray loading:
.br
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
.br
Use the numbers with xorrisofs to add ./tree2 to the image as /dir2:
.br
$ xorrisofs \-M /dev/sr0 \-C $m \-o image_2.iso \\
.br
@ -766,7 +767,19 @@ of the second session and show both directories /dir1 and /dir2.
.SS
.B Write ISO 9660 session on-the-fly:
It is possible to combine the run of \fBxorrisofs\fR and \fBxorrecord\fR
in a pipeline without storing the ISO 9660 image as file on hard disk:
in a pipeline without storing the ISO 9660 image as file on hard disk.
.br
The piped run is more vulnerable to the problem that some systems have not
enough patience with automatic tray loading and that demons may interfere
with a first CD\-ROM driver read attempt from a freshly loaded medium.
It is advised to load the tray manually or via a separate run of xorriso with
a subsequent run of dd.
.br
Again, xorriso has the patience and dd is a dispensable victim for demons.
.br
$ m=$(xorrecord dev=/dev/sr0 \-msinfo)
.br
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
.br
$ xorrisofs \-M /dev/sr0 \-C $m \\
.br
@ -779,7 +792,7 @@ in a pipeline without storing the ISO 9660 image as file on hard disk:
\-eject padsize=300k \-
.br
This is also the main use case of program \fBxorriso\fR itself,
where this run would look like:
where the run would need no system workarounds and simply look like:
.br
$ xorriso \-dev /dev/sr0 \-joliet on \-speed 12 \-fs 8m \\
.br

@ -718,15 +718,18 @@ blank=as_needed -eject padsize=300k image_1.iso
For the second session xorrisofs needs to know the -msinfo numbers of
the medium. Further it will read data from the medium by using the
system's read-only CD-ROM driver.
It is advised to load the tray manually or via dd by the CD-ROM driver,
rather than letting xorrecord do this by its own SCSI driver. Many
system CD-ROM drivers do not take notice of xorrecord's activities.
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
Now get the -msinfo numbers:
Many systems do not take notice of xorrecord's write activities. It is
necessary to force their attention by ejecting and reloading the drive
tray. Therefore above run uses option -eject.
Get the -msinfo numbers (and properly reload the tray if it has a motor)
by:
$ m=$(xorrecord dev=/dev/sr0 -msinfo)
and use them with xorrisofs to add ./tree2 to the image as /dir2:
Offer a victim to any problem caused by obtrusive demons after tray
loading:
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
Use the numbers with xorrisofs to add ./tree2 to the image as /dir2:
$ xorrisofs -M /dev/sr0 -C $m -o image_2.iso \
-J -graft-points /dir2=./tree2
@ -748,7 +751,18 @@ File: xorrecord.info, Node: ExIsoFly, Next: ExAfio, Prev: ExIsoMulti, Up: Ex
=====================================
It is possible to combine the run of *xorrisofs* and 'xorrecord' in a
pipeline without storing the ISO 9660 image as file on hard disk:
pipeline without storing the ISO 9660 image as file on hard disk.
The piped run is more vulnerable to the problem that some systems have
not enough patience with automatic tray loading and that demons may
interfere with a first CD-ROM driver read attempt from a freshly loaded
medium. It is advised to load the tray manually or via a separate run
of xorriso with a subsequent run of dd.
Again, xorriso has the patience and dd is a dispensable victim for
demons.
$ m=$(xorrecord dev=/dev/sr0 -msinfo)
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
$ xorrisofs -M /dev/sr0 -C $m \
-J -graft-points /dir2=./tree2 \
@ -756,8 +770,8 @@ pipeline without storing the ISO 9660 image as file on hard disk:
-waiti -multi -grow_overwriteable_iso \
-eject padsize=300k -
This is also the main use case of program *xorriso* itself, where
this run would look like:
This is also the main use case of program *xorriso* itself, where the
run would need no system workarounds and simply look like:
$ xorriso -dev /dev/sr0 -joliet on -speed 12 -fs 8m \
-map ./tree2 /dir2 -commit_eject all
@ -1017,13 +1031,13 @@ Node: ExFormat31368
Node: ExDeformat31886
Node: ExIsoSingle32153
Node: ExIsoMulti32437
Node: ExIsoFly34071
Node: ExAfio34742
Node: Files35740
Node: Seealso36296
Node: Bugreport36659
Node: Legal37250
Node: CommandIdx38179
Node: ConceptIdx41669
Node: ExIsoFly34181
Node: ExAfio35373
Node: Files36371
Node: Seealso36927
Node: Bugreport37290
Node: Legal37881
Node: CommandIdx38810
Node: ConceptIdx42300

End Tag Table

@ -50,7 +50,7 @@
@c man .\" First parameter, NAME, should be all caps
@c man .\" Second parameter, SECTION, should be 1-8, maybe w/ subsection
@c man .\" other parameters are allowed: see man(7), man(1)
@c man .TH XORRECORD 1 "Version 1.5.1, Oct 08, 2018"
@c man .TH XORRECORD 1 "Version 1.5.1, Nov 11, 2018"
@c man .\" Please adjust this date whenever revising the manpage.
@c man .\"
@c man .\" Some roff macros, for reference:
@ -998,20 +998,21 @@ For the second session xorrisofs needs to know the -msinfo numbers
of the medium. Further it will read data from the medium by using the
system's read-only CD-ROM driver.
@*
It is advised to load the tray manually
or via dd by the CD-ROM driver, rather than letting xorrecord do this
by its own SCSI driver. Many system CD-ROM drivers do not take notice
of xorrecord's activities.
Many systems do not take notice of xorrecord's write activities. It is
necessary to force their attention by ejecting and reloading the drive tray.
Therefore above run uses option -eject.
@*
@sp 1
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
@*
Now get the -msinfo numbers:
Get the -msinfo numbers (and properly reload the tray if it has a motor) by:
@*
$ m=$(xorrecord dev=/dev/sr0 -msinfo)
@*
@sp 1
and use them with xorrisofs to add ./tree2 to the image as /dir2:
Offer a victim to any problem caused by obtrusive demons after tray loading:
@*
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
@*
@sp 1
Use the numbers with xorrisofs to add ./tree2 to the image as /dir2:
@*
@sp 1
$ xorrisofs -M /dev/sr0 -C $m -o image_2.iso \
@ -1036,7 +1037,21 @@ of the second session and show both directories /dir1 and /dir2.
@node ExIsoFly, ExAfio, ExIsoMulti, Examples
@section Write ISO 9660 session on-the-fly
It is possible to combine the run of @strong{xorrisofs} and @command{xorrecord}
in a pipeline without storing the ISO 9660 image as file on hard disk:
in a pipeline without storing the ISO 9660 image as file on hard disk.
@*
The piped run is more vulnerable to the problem that some systems have not
enough patience with automatic tray loading and that demons may interfere
with a first CD-ROM driver read attempt from a freshly loaded medium.
It is advised to load the tray manually or via a separate run of xorriso with
a subsequent run of dd.
@*
Again, xorriso has the patience and dd is a dispensable victim for demons.
@*
@sp 1
$ m=$(xorrecord dev=/dev/sr0 -msinfo)
@*
@sp 1
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
@*
@sp 1
$ xorrisofs -M /dev/sr0 -C $m \
@ -1051,7 +1066,7 @@ in a pipeline without storing the ISO 9660 image as file on hard disk:
@*
@sp 1
This is also the main use case of program @strong{xorriso} itself,
where this run would look like:
where the run would need no system workarounds and simply look like:
@*
@sp 1
$ xorriso -dev /dev/sr0 -joliet on -speed 12 -fs 8m \

@ -9,7 +9,7 @@
.\" First parameter, NAME, should be all caps
.\" Second parameter, SECTION, should be 1-8, maybe w/ subsection
.\" other parameters are allowed: see man(7), man(1)
.TH XORRISO 1 "Version 1.5.1, Nov 01, 2018"
.TH XORRISO 1 "Version 1.5.1, Nov 11, 2018"
.\" Please adjust this date whenever revising the manpage.
.\"
.\" Some roff macros, for reference:
@ -5820,24 +5820,36 @@ $ xorriso \-as mkisofs prepared_for_iso/tree1 | \\
.br
xorriso \-as cdrecord \-v dev=/dev/sr0 blank=fast \-multi \-eject \-
.br
Follow\-up sessions are written like this:
.br
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
Follow\-up sessions are written like this (the run of dd is only to give demons
a chance to spoil it):
.br
$ m=$(xorriso \-as cdrecord dev=/dev/sr0 \-msinfo)
.br
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
.br
$ xorriso \-as mkisofs \-M /dev/sr0 \-C $m prepared_for_iso/tree2 | \\
.br
xorriso \-as cdrecord \-v dev=/dev/sr0 \-waiti \-multi \-eject \-
.br
Always eject the drive tray between sessions. The old sessions
get read via /dev/sr0. Its device driver might not be aware
of the changed content before it loads the medium again.
In this case the previous session would not be loaded and the
new session would contain only the newly added files.
Always eject the drive tray between sessions.
.br
The run of xorriso \-as mkisofs will read old sessions via the CD\-ROM
driver of /dev/sr0. This driver might not be aware of the changed content
as long as the medium is not loaded again. In this case the previous session
would not be properly assessed by xorriso and the new session would contain
only the newly added files.
.br
Some systems have not enough patience with automatic tray loading and some
demons may interfere with a first CD\-ROM driver read attempt from a freshly
loaded medium.
.br
When loading the tray manually, wait 10 seconds after the drive has stopped
blinking.
.br
For the same reason do not let \fBxorriso\fR \-as cdrecord load the medium,
but rather do this manually or by a program that reads from /dev/sr0.
A safe automatic way seems to be a separate run of xorriso for loading
the tray with proper waiting, and a subsequent run of dd which shall offer
itself to any problems caused by demons assessing the changed drive status.
If this does not help, insert a run of "sleep 10" between xorriso and dd.
.br
This example works for multi\-session media only.
Add cdrskin option \-\-grow_overwriteable_iso

@ -4882,20 +4882,30 @@ The first session is written like this:
$ xorriso -as mkisofs prepared_for_iso/tree1 | \
xorriso -as cdrecord -v dev=/dev/sr0 blank=fast -multi -eject -
Follow-up sessions are written like this:
Follow-up sessions are written like this (the run of dd is only to
give demons a chance to spoil it):
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
$ m=$(xorriso -as cdrecord dev=/dev/sr0 -msinfo)
$ m=$(xorriso -as cdrecord dev=/dev/sr0 -msinfo)
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
$ xorriso -as mkisofs -M /dev/sr0 -C $m prepared_for_iso/tree2 | \
xorriso -as cdrecord -v dev=/dev/sr0 -waiti -multi -eject -
Always eject the drive tray between sessions. The old sessions get
read via /dev/sr0. Its device driver might not be aware of the changed
content before it loads the medium again. In this case the previous
session would not be loaded and the new session would contain only the
newly added files.
For the same reason do not let 'xorriso' -as cdrecord load the medium,
but rather do this manually or by a program that reads from /dev/sr0.
Always eject the drive tray between sessions.
The run of xorriso -as mkisofs will read old sessions via the CD-ROM
driver of /dev/sr0. This driver might not be aware of the changed
content as long as the medium is not loaded again. In this case the
previous session would not be properly assessed by xorriso and the new
session would contain only the newly added files.
Some systems have not enough patience with automatic tray loading and
some demons may interfere with a first CD-ROM driver read attempt from a
freshly loaded medium.
When loading the tray manually, wait 10 seconds after the drive has
stopped blinking.
A safe automatic way seems to be a separate run of xorriso for loading
the tray with proper waiting, and a subsequent run of dd which shall
offer itself to any problems caused by demons assessing the changed
drive status. If this does not help, insert a run of "sleep 10" between
xorriso and dd.
This example works for multi-session media only. Add cdrskin option
--grow_overwriteable_iso to all -as cdrecord runs in order to enable
@ -5849,18 +5859,18 @@ Node: ExCharset256742
Node: ExPseudo257638
Node: ExCdrecord258565
Node: ExMkisofs258885
Node: ExGrowisofs260242
Node: ExException261396
Node: ExTime261854
Node: ExIncBackup262312
Node: ExRestore266338
Node: ExRecovery267284
Node: Files267856
Node: Environ269190
Node: Seealso269899
Node: Bugreport270616
Node: Legal271207
Node: CommandIdx272219
Node: ConceptIdx289553
Node: ExGrowisofs260783
Node: ExException261937
Node: ExTime262395
Node: ExIncBackup262853
Node: ExRestore266879
Node: ExRecovery267825
Node: Files268397
Node: Environ269731
Node: Seealso270440
Node: Bugreport271157
Node: Legal271748
Node: CommandIdx272760
Node: ConceptIdx290094

End Tag Table

@ -50,7 +50,7 @@
@c man .\" First parameter, NAME, should be all caps
@c man .\" Second parameter, SECTION, should be 1-8, maybe w/ subsection
@c man .\" other parameters are allowed: see man(7), man(1)
@c man .TH XORRISO 1 "Version 1.5.1, Nov 01, 2018"
@c man .TH XORRISO 1 "Version 1.5.1, Nov 11, 2018"
@c man .\" Please adjust this date whenever revising the manpage.
@c man .\"
@c man .\" Some roff macros, for reference:
@ -6759,26 +6759,38 @@ $ xorriso -as mkisofs prepared_for_iso/tree1 | \
xorriso -as cdrecord -v dev=/dev/sr0 blank=fast -multi -eject -
@*
@sp 1
Follow-up sessions are written like this:
Follow-up sessions are written like this (the run of dd is only to give demons
a chance to spoil it):
@*
@sp 1
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
@*
$ m=$(xorriso -as cdrecord dev=/dev/sr0 -msinfo)
@*
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
@*
$ xorriso -as mkisofs -M /dev/sr0 -C $m prepared_for_iso/tree2 | \
@*
xorriso -as cdrecord -v dev=/dev/sr0 -waiti -multi -eject -
@*
@sp 1
Always eject the drive tray between sessions. The old sessions
get read via /dev/sr0. Its device driver might not be aware
of the changed content before it loads the medium again.
In this case the previous session would not be loaded and the
new session would contain only the newly added files.
Always eject the drive tray between sessions.
@*
The run of xorriso -as mkisofs will read old sessions via the CD-ROM
driver of /dev/sr0. This driver might not be aware of the changed content
as long as the medium is not loaded again. In this case the previous session
would not be properly assessed by xorriso and the new session would contain
only the newly added files.
@*
Some systems have not enough patience with automatic tray loading and some
demons may interfere with a first CD-ROM driver read attempt from a freshly
loaded medium.
@*
When loading the tray manually, wait 10 seconds after the drive has stopped
blinking.
@*
For the same reason do not let @command{xorriso} -as cdrecord load the medium,
but rather do this manually or by a program that reads from /dev/sr0.
A safe automatic way seems to be a separate run of xorriso for loading
the tray with proper waiting, and a subsequent run of dd which shall offer
itself to any problems caused by demons assessing the changed drive status.
If this does not help, insert a run of "sleep 10" between xorriso and dd.
@*
@sp 1
This example works for multi-session media only.

@ -9,7 +9,7 @@
.\" First parameter, NAME, should be all caps
.\" Second parameter, SECTION, should be 1-8, maybe w/ subsection
.\" other parameters are allowed: see man(7), man(1)
.TH XORRISOFS 1 "Version 1.5.1, Oct 08, 2018"
.TH XORRISOFS 1 "Version 1.5.1, Nov 11, 2018"
.\" Please adjust this date whenever revising the manpage.
.\"
.\" Some roff macros, for reference:
@ -194,11 +194,7 @@ on the intended medium.
.br
Both values can be inquired from optical media by help of burn programs
and cdrecord option \-msinfo. xorriso itself can obtain it in its
cdrecord emulation. Do not let it load the drive, but rather do this manually
or by a program like dd which reads a few bytes. Only then it is sure that
the device driver knows the true readable size of the medium.
.br
dd if=/dev/... count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
cdrecord emulation.
.br
values=$(xorriso \-as cdrecord dev=/dev/... \-msinfo)
.br
@ -1737,11 +1733,12 @@ The first session is written like this:
.br
| xorriso \-as cdrecord \-v dev=/dev/sr0 blank=fast \-multi \-eject \-
.br
Follow\-up sessions are written like this:
.br
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
Follow\-up sessions are written like this (the run of dd is only to give demons
a chance to spoil it):
.br
$ m=$(xorriso \-as cdrecord dev=/dev/sr0 \-msinfo)
.br
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
.br
$ xorrisofs \-M /dev/sr0 \-C $m \-graft\-points \\
.br
@ -1749,14 +1746,25 @@ Follow\-up sessions are written like this:
.br
| xorriso \-as cdrecord \-v dev=/dev/sr0 \-waiti \-multi \-eject \-
.br
Always eject the drive tray between sessions. The old sessions
get read via /dev/sr0. Its device driver might not be aware
of the changed content before it loads the medium again.
In this case the previous session would not be loaded and the
new session would contain only the newly added files.
Always eject the drive tray between sessions.
.br
The run of xorriso \-as mkisofs will read old sessions via the CD\-ROM
driver of /dev/sr0. This driver might not be aware of the changed content
as long as the medium is not loaded again. In this case the previous session
would not be properly assessed by xorriso and the new session would contain
only the newly added files.
.br
Some systems have not enough patience with automatic tray loading and some
demons may interfere with a first CD\-ROM driver read attempt from a freshly
loaded medium.
.br
When loading the tray manually, wait 10 seconds after the drive has stopped
blinking.
.br
For the same reason do not let xorriso \-as cdrecord load the medium,
but rather do this manually or by a program that reads from /dev/sr0.
A safe automatic way seems to be a separate run of xorriso for loading
the tray with proper waiting, and a subsequent run of dd which shall offer
itself to any problems caused by demons assessing the changed drive status.
If this does not help, insert a run of "sleep 10" between xorriso and dd.
.SS
.B Let xorrisofs work underneath growisofs
growisofs expects an ISO formatter program which understands options \-C and
@ -1809,12 +1817,13 @@ the two disk trees to the medium is desired. Begin with a blank medium and
update it until he run fails gracefully due to lack of remaining space on
the old one.
.br
Do not let xorriso \-as cdrecord load the medium,
but rather do this manually or by a program that reads from /dev/sr0.
.br
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
Always eject the drive tray between sessions.
A run of dd shall give demons a chance to spoil the first read on freshly
loaded media.
.br
$ msinfo=$(xorriso \-as cdrecord dev=/dev/sr0 \-msinfo)
.br
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
.br
$ load_opts=
.br
@ -1909,12 +1918,13 @@ With the first session:
With the second session, option \-old\-root refers to /session1 and the
new \-root is /session2.
.br
Do not let xorriso \-as cdrecord load the medium,
but rather do this manually or by a program that reads from /dev/sr0.
.br
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
Always eject the drive tray between sessions.
A run of dd shall give demons a chance to spoil the first read on freshly
loaded media.
.br
$ msinfo=$(xorriso \-as cdrecord dev=/dev/sr0 \-msinfo)
.br
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
.br
$ load_opts=
.br

@ -205,12 +205,7 @@ then a new image is composed from scratch.
superblock address on the intended medium.
Both values can be inquired from optical media by help of burn
programs and cdrecord option -msinfo. xorriso itself can obtain it
in its cdrecord emulation. Do not let it load the drive, but
rather do this manually or by a program like dd which reads a few
bytes. Only then it is sure that the device driver knows the true
readable size of the medium.
dd if=/dev/... count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
in its cdrecord emulation.
values=$(xorriso -as cdrecord dev=/dev/... -msinfo)
echo $values
@ -1530,21 +1525,31 @@ The first session is written like this:
/tree1=prepared_for_iso/tree1 \
| xorriso -as cdrecord -v dev=/dev/sr0 blank=fast -multi -eject -
Follow-up sessions are written like this:
Follow-up sessions are written like this (the run of dd is only to
give demons a chance to spoil it):
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
$ m=$(xorriso -as cdrecord dev=/dev/sr0 -msinfo)
$ m=$(xorriso -as cdrecord dev=/dev/sr0 -msinfo)
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
$ xorrisofs -M /dev/sr0 -C $m -graft-points \
/tree2=prepared_for_iso/tree2 \
| xorriso -as cdrecord -v dev=/dev/sr0 -waiti -multi -eject -
Always eject the drive tray between sessions. The old sessions get
read via /dev/sr0. Its device driver might not be aware of the changed
content before it loads the medium again. In this case the previous
session would not be loaded and the new session would contain only the
newly added files.
For the same reason do not let xorriso -as cdrecord load the medium, but
rather do this manually or by a program that reads from /dev/sr0.
Always eject the drive tray between sessions.
The run of xorriso -as mkisofs will read old sessions via the CD-ROM
driver of /dev/sr0. This driver might not be aware of the changed
content as long as the medium is not loaded again. In this case the
previous session would not be properly assessed by xorriso and the new
session would contain only the newly added files.
Some systems have not enough patience with automatic tray loading and
some demons may interfere with a first CD-ROM driver read attempt from a
freshly loaded medium.
When loading the tray manually, wait 10 seconds after the drive has
stopped blinking.
A safe automatic way seems to be a separate run of xorriso for loading
the tray with proper waiting, and a subsequent run of dd which shall
offer itself to any problems caused by demons assessing the changed
drive status. If this does not help, insert a run of "sleep 10" between
xorriso and dd.

File: xorrisofs.info, Node: ExGrowisofs, Next: ExIncBackup, Prev: ExMkisofs, Up: Examples
@ -1597,11 +1602,11 @@ get excluded explicitly.
the two disk trees to the medium is desired. Begin with a blank medium
and update it until he run fails gracefully due to lack of remaining
space on the old one.
Do not let xorriso -as cdrecord load the medium, but rather do this
manually or by a program that reads from /dev/sr0.
Always eject the drive tray between sessions. A run of dd shall give
demons a chance to spoil the first read on freshly loaded media.
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
$ msinfo=$(xorriso -as cdrecord dev=/dev/sr0 -msinfo)
$ msinfo=$(xorriso -as cdrecord dev=/dev/sr0 -msinfo)
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
$ load_opts=
$ test -n "$msinfo" && load_opts="-M /dev/sr0 -C $msinfo"
$ xorrisofs $load_opts -o - --for_backup -m '*.o' -m '*.swp' \
@ -1676,11 +1681,11 @@ With the first session:
With the second session, option -old-root refers to /session1 and the
new -root is /session2.
Do not let xorriso -as cdrecord load the medium, but rather do this
manually or by a program that reads from /dev/sr0.
Always eject the drive tray between sessions. A run of dd shall give
demons a chance to spoil the first read on freshly loaded media.
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
$ msinfo=$(xorriso -as cdrecord dev=/dev/sr0 -msinfo)
$ msinfo=$(xorriso -as cdrecord dev=/dev/sr0 -msinfo)
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
$ load_opts=
$ test -n "$msinfo" && load_opts="-M /dev/sr0 -C $msinfo"
$ xorrisofs $load_opts -root /session2 -old-root /session1 \
@ -1989,7 +1994,7 @@ File: xorrisofs.info, Node: CommandIdx, Next: ConceptIdx, Prev: Legal, Up: T
* -c El Torito boot catalog name: Bootable. (line 114)
* -C set load address and write address offset: Loading. (line 25)
* -cdrecord-params set load address and write address offset: Loading.
(line 46)
(line 41)
* -checksum_algorithm_iso choose .jigdo checksums: Jigdo. (line 72)
* -checksum_algorithm_template choose .template checksums: Jigdo.
(line 78)
@ -2387,31 +2392,31 @@ Node: Insert3770
Node: Xorriso5616
Node: Options6762
Node: Loading7489
Node: SetInsert9789
Node: SetProduct14198
Node: SetCompl19769
Node: SetExtras22361
Node: SetHide33656
Node: ImageId34960
Node: Bootable39242
Node: SystemArea45528
Node: Charset62894
Node: Jigdo63919
Node: Miscellaneous68196
Node: Examples69841
Node: ExSimple70335
Node: ExGraft70818
Node: ExMkisofs72118
Node: ExGrowisofs73384
Node: ExIncBackup74574
Node: ExIncBckAcc77735
Node: ExBootable79424
Node: Files83606
Node: Environ84701
Node: Seealso85472
Node: Bugreport86123
Node: Legal86716
Node: CommandIdx87613
Node: ConceptIdx103480
Node: SetInsert9531
Node: SetProduct13940
Node: SetCompl19511
Node: SetExtras22103
Node: SetHide33398
Node: ImageId34702
Node: Bootable38984
Node: SystemArea45270
Node: Charset62636
Node: Jigdo63661
Node: Miscellaneous67938
Node: Examples69583
Node: ExSimple70077
Node: ExGraft70560
Node: ExMkisofs71860
Node: ExGrowisofs73669
Node: ExIncBackup74859
Node: ExIncBckAcc78036
Node: ExBootable79741
Node: Files83923
Node: Environ85018
Node: Seealso85789
Node: Bugreport86440
Node: Legal87033
Node: CommandIdx87930
Node: ConceptIdx103797

End Tag Table

@ -50,7 +50,7 @@
@c man .\" First parameter, NAME, should be all caps
@c man .\" Second parameter, SECTION, should be 1-8, maybe w/ subsection
@c man .\" other parameters are allowed: see man(7), man(1)
@c man .TH XORRISOFS 1 "Version 1.5.1, Oct 08, 2018"
@c man .TH XORRISOFS 1 "Version 1.5.1, Nov 11, 2018"
@c man .\" Please adjust this date whenever revising the manpage.
@c man .\"
@c man .\" Some roff macros, for reference:
@ -325,12 +325,7 @@ on the intended medium.
@*
Both values can be inquired from optical media by help of burn programs
and cdrecord option -msinfo. xorriso itself can obtain it in its
cdrecord emulation. Do not let it load the drive, but rather do this manually
or by a program like dd which reads a few bytes. Only then it is sure that
the device driver knows the true readable size of the medium.
@*
@sp 1
dd if=/dev/... count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
cdrecord emulation.
@*
values=$(xorriso -as cdrecord dev=/dev/... -msinfo)
@*
@ -2295,12 +2290,13 @@ The first session is written like this:
| xorriso -as cdrecord -v dev=/dev/sr0 blank=fast -multi -eject -
@*
@sp 1
Follow-up sessions are written like this:
Follow-up sessions are written like this (the run of dd is only to give demons
a chance to spoil it):
@*
@sp 1
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
@*
$ m=$(xorriso -as cdrecord dev=/dev/sr0 -msinfo)
@*
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
@*
$ xorrisofs -M /dev/sr0 -C $m -graft-points \
@*
@ -2309,14 +2305,25 @@ Follow-up sessions are written like this:
| xorriso -as cdrecord -v dev=/dev/sr0 -waiti -multi -eject -
@*
@sp 1
Always eject the drive tray between sessions. The old sessions
get read via /dev/sr0. Its device driver might not be aware
of the changed content before it loads the medium again.
In this case the previous session would not be loaded and the
new session would contain only the newly added files.
Always eject the drive tray between sessions.
@*
The run of xorriso -as mkisofs will read old sessions via the CD-ROM
driver of /dev/sr0. This driver might not be aware of the changed content
as long as the medium is not loaded again. In this case the previous session
would not be properly assessed by xorriso and the new session would contain
only the newly added files.
@*
Some systems have not enough patience with automatic tray loading and some
demons may interfere with a first CD-ROM driver read attempt from a freshly
loaded medium.
@*
When loading the tray manually, wait 10 seconds after the drive has stopped
blinking.
@*
For the same reason do not let xorriso -as cdrecord load the medium,
but rather do this manually or by a program that reads from /dev/sr0.
A safe automatic way seems to be a separate run of xorriso for loading
the tray with proper waiting, and a subsequent run of dd which shall offer
itself to any problems caused by demons assessing the changed drive status.
If this does not help, insert a run of "sleep 10" between xorriso and dd.
@c man .SS
@c man .B Let xorrisofs work underneath growisofs
@node ExGrowisofs, ExIncBackup, ExMkisofs, Examples
@ -2379,13 +2386,14 @@ the two disk trees to the medium is desired. Begin with a blank medium and
update it until he run fails gracefully due to lack of remaining space on
the old one.
@*
Do not let xorriso -as cdrecord load the medium,
but rather do this manually or by a program that reads from /dev/sr0.
Always eject the drive tray between sessions.
A run of dd shall give demons a chance to spoil the first read on freshly
loaded media.
@*
@sp 1
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
@*
$ msinfo=$(xorriso -as cdrecord dev=/dev/sr0 -msinfo)
@*
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
@*
$ load_opts=
@*
@ -2496,13 +2504,14 @@ With the first session:
With the second session, option -old-root refers to /session1 and the
new -root is /session2.
@*
Do not let xorriso -as cdrecord load the medium,
but rather do this manually or by a program that reads from /dev/sr0.
Always eject the drive tray between sessions.
A run of dd shall give demons a chance to spoil the first read on freshly
loaded media.
@*
@sp 1
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
@*
$ msinfo=$(xorriso -as cdrecord dev=/dev/sr0 -msinfo)
@*
$ dd if=/dev/sr0 count=1 >/dev/null 2>&1
@*
$ load_opts=
@*

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